35th Fighter Group

18th Fighter Squadron || 20th Fighter Squadron || 21st Fighter Squadron

34th Fighter Squadron || 70th Fighter Squadron

39th Fighter Squadron || 40th Fighter Squadron || 41st Fighter Squadron




From 'Air Force Combat Units of World War II':a


Constituted as 35th Pursuit Group (Interceptor) on 22 December 1939. Activated on 1 February 1940.
Trained with P-35, P-36, P-39, and P-40 aircraft. Two squadrons (21st and 34th) moved to the Philippines
in November 1941. Headquarters and another squadron (70th) sailed for Manila on 5 December but because
of the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor they returned to the US where the squadron flew some patrols.
Headquarters and the 70th squadron sailed for Australia on 12 January 1942. Three days later all the
combat squadrons were relieved and three others, still in the US, were assigned. (39th, 40th, 41st, all
formerly from the 31st PG; webmaster) Headquarters reached Australia in February 1942 and moved on to
India. Meanwhile the squadrons had moved from the US to Australia and were training for combat with P-39s.
Headquarters was transferred back to Australia, without personnel and equipment, in May 1942.

Redesignated 35th Fighter Group. Served in combat with Fifth AF, operating successively from bases in
Australia, New Guinea, Owi, Morotai, and the Philippines. First used P-38s and P-39s; equipped with P-47s
late in 1943 and with P-51s in March 1945. Helped to halt the Japanese advance in Papua and took part in
the Allied offensive that recovered the rest of New Guinea, flying protective patrols over Port Moresby,
escorting bombers and transports, attacking Japanese airfields and supply lines, and providing cover for
Allied landings. In 1944 began long-range missions against enemy airfields and installations in the southern
Philippines, Halmahera, and Borneo, preparatory to the US invasion of the Philippines. Beginning in January
1945, operated in support of ground forces on Luzon. Also escorted bombers and completed some fighter sweeps
to Formosa and China. Bombed and strafed railways and airfields in Kyushu and Korea after moving to Okinawa
in June 1945. Moved to Japan in October 1945 and, as part of Far East Air Forces, trained, took part in
maneuvers, and flew surveillance patrols over Honshu.


Squadrons

18th: 1940
20th: 1940
21st: 1940-1942
34th: 1940-1942
39th: 1942-
40th: 1942-
41st: 1942-
70th: 1941-1942


Stations

Moffett Field, California, 1 February 1940
Hamilton Field, California, 10 September 1940 - 5 December 1941
and 9 December 1941 - 12 January 1942

Brisbane Australia, 1 February 1942
New Delhi, India, March 1942
Sydney, Australia, 1 May 1942
Port Moresby, New Guinea, 22 July 1942
Tsili Tsili, New Guinea, 15 August 1943
Nadzab, New Guinea, 5 October 1943
Gusap, New Guinea, 7 February 1944
Owi, Schouten Islands, 22 July 1944
Morotai, 27 September 1944
Mangaldan, Luzon, circa 20 January 1945
Lingayen, Luzon, circa 10 April 1945
Clark Field, Luzon, 19 April 1945
Okinawa, 28 June 1945
Irumagawa, Japan, October 1945


Commanders

Major O.R. Strickland, 1940
Colonel George P. Tourtellot, 1940-unknown
Colonel Richard A. Legg, 12 March 1942
Lt.Col. Malcom A. Moore, 26 July 1943
Lt.Col. Edwin A. Doss, 23 October 1943
Lt.Col. Furlo S. Wagner, 12 February 1944
Colonel Edwin A. Doss, 4 May 1944
Colonel Harney Estes Jr., 27 July 1945


Campaigns

East Indies
Air Offensive, Japan
China Defensive
Papua
New Guinea
Bismarck Archipelago
Western Pacific
Leyte
Luzon
Ryukus
China Offensive


Decorations

DUC - Papua, 23 July 1942 - 23 January 1943
Philippine Presidential Unit Citation



Note: All above information pertains to this unit's activities up to 1945.
Any subsequent activity from 1946 onward is not included.



Hand-Me-Down


Ship #11, possibly from the 21st Pursuit Squadron, previously served with the 55th
Pursuit Squadron, 20th Pursuit Group as evidenced by the 55th PS emblem shown in the
second photo below. We're not sure how many of the 35th's P-40s came from the 20th PG.


San Diego Air & Space Museum Archives - Larger Image


Project 914 Archives



Future 'Yoxford Boy'


The photo below shows 2Lt. Hubert Egnes at Hamilton Field, California in 1940 or 1941.
We're not sure which squadron the Hawk is from. As mentioned above, the 35th Pursuit Group
inherited some P-40s from the 20th Pursuit Group... so, if this ship was formerly from the
20th, the white spinner means that it probably came from the 55th Pursuit Squadron... which
would seem to jive with what looks to be a '94' on the nose. But we still don't know which of
the 35th's squadrons it was from... possibly the 21st, but we haven't totally figured out the
squadron colors or plane-in-group number assignments for the 35th yet... so we're kinda guessing!

We're also not sure which squadron Egnes was with pre-war but, after the wholesale exchange
of the 35th PG's assigned squadrons in mid-January 1942, he flew with the 40th Pursuit Squadron.
On February 4th, 1942 he earned a Silver Star during an attack on a Japanese airfield near
Palembang, Sumatra, downing one defending enemy fighter after a successful run on the field.

You can read Egnes' Silver Star citation here.

Egnes would later rise to the rank of Lt.Col., command the 362nd Fighter Squadron, 357th
Fighter Group in the ETO, and become the Deputy CO of the 357th. Sadly, he was killed in
action on March 28th, 1944 while attacking a Luftwaffe airfield in Southern France.


Source: Defunct Website (View page via the Internet Archive) - Larger Image



Bounced!


The next three photos show a P-40 of the 35th Pursuit Group, probably from the
70th Pursuit Squadron, which appears to have been 'bounced' by a flight of AT-6
Texans from Stockton Field, California. We're not sure of the exact timeframe,
but it's most likely late 1941 or very early in January of 1942.


Project 914 Archives (S.Donacik collection) - Larger Image


Project 914 Archives (S.Donacik collection) - Larger Image


A closer look at the previous photo... note the light diamond-shaped patch forward
of the fuselage national insignia; an over-painted squadron emblem, indicating that
this ship previously served with the 79th Pursuit Squadron, 20th Pursuit Group.


Project 914 Archives (S.Donacik collection) - Larger Image


Project 914 Archives (S.Donacik collection) - Larger Image


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